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Murano Glass Processing Techniques

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Murano Glass Processing Techniques

 

 

 

 

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Lavorazione Vetro MUranus

La Murano glass processing it is an ancient art known throughout the world for the beauty of the artefacts it produces. The Murano glass processing techniques developed over the centuries and the production of artistic glasses represent an important reality for the city of Venice. Lot of documents dating from the end of the 1200 testify to a conspicuous concentration of furnaces along the Rio dei Vetrai in Murano, where even today the oldest laboratories are found.

Craftsmanship of Murano Glass

As per ancient Mediterranean tradition also Venetian glass is sodium. This peculiarity indicates that soda is added to the silica to allow fusion at lower temperatures. The complex hot processes, typical of the Venetian tradition, greatly benefit from this aspect.

 

Murano Glass Processing Techniques

Blown glass

The origin of the blown glass dates back to the first century BC but since the Middle Ages the Murano masters have shown an extraordinary ability in hot modeling. This particular skill allowed them to invent new techniques obtaining highly refined artifacts.

Murano blown glass

Lampworking

The working of glass with light is made with a direct flame to soften the glass rod. It is called "lampworking" because in ancient times it was made using an oil lamp. This technique allows you to give free rein to the master glassmaker's creativity and create objects in any shape you want.

lampworking

Murrina

Glass processing according to the Murrina technique is an ancient art that also precedes the blowing technique. For almost two thousand years it was not used and then rediscovered in the 19th century by Vincenzo Moretti at the Salviati glassworks. The technique consists in the heat melting of the oven of sections of polychrome vitreous cane or millefiori canes, glass pipes in concentric layers with a star or rosette motif.

Murano glass murrina

incalmo

Incalmo is a glass processing technique that consists of welding different colors of glass together to create a single piece. Not all colors can be combined with this technique, as the cooling characteristics of the colors must be compatible, otherwise the voltages could break the object.

reticello

The technique of working glass at Reticello is a variant of the watermark obtained in this case from the double interweaving arrangement of the barrels used for decoration. Practically two rows of overlapping and crossed cane form and then they come merged together. The peculiarity of this process is that in the intersections of the canes is created a small air bubble donating to the work a sense of lightness.

zanfirico

This glass processing technique is also a variant of the filigree and is widely used to make dishes and glasses. In this case opaque glass strands are "retorted", that is, twisted into various shapes to create a spiral, which is then enclosed by an outer layer of glass.

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